Bunions are painful swellings that develop most often on the inner side of the foot near the base of the first toe (hallux). Less frequently, bunions occur at the base of the fifth toe (called a “tailor’s bunion”).
Bunions result from inflammation and thickening of the bursa (fluid-filled sac in the connective tissue) and cause abnormal bone formation and misalignment of the toe.
Bunions can be related to inflammation or to degenerative disease (e.g., osteoarthritis). They cause redness, tenderness and pain, and alter the normal position of the first toe.
What might cause Bunions:
- most common foot problems
- inherited shape of the foot may predispose people to them
- Pronated feet (flatfeet) are unstable and often cause bunions
- Bunions may be caused by tight, pointy-toed, or high-heeled shoes, and shoes that are too small
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