Plantar fasciitis is inflammation, usually due to injury, of the plantar fascia, the ligament between the front of the heel bone and the base of the toes that helps to support the arch. Excess stress absorbed by the foot may irritate or tear the plantar fascia, making this a common disorder among athletes, especially runners. Although plantar fasciitis may take up to a year to heal fully, it is not a serious health risk, and proper rest and stretching techniques may promote faster healing.
What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?
- A tendency for the foot to roll inward (pronation) upon walking.
- Stress on the heel due to repeated hard pounding or quick turns, often from long-distance running, jogging, or basketball.
- Wearing shoes that lack proper heel support or that have thin or stiff soles.
- Age-related loss of resiliency in the ligaments.
- Some forms of arthritis, such as ankylosing spondylitis or Reiter’s syndrome.
- Obesity and overweight
- Having high arches or flat feet.
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